Types of Sparrows in South Africa:

  • House sparrow
  • Cape sparrow
  • Great Rufous sparrow
  • Southern Gray-Headed sparrow
  • Yellow-Throated petronia

Diseases Carried

It has been suggested that there are over 60 other diseases that birds and their droppings can carry.

Examples of bird diseases associated with pigeons, geese, starling and house sparrows:

  • Histoplasmosis is a respiratory disease that may be fatal.
  • Candidiasis is yeast or fungus infection spread by pigeons.
  • Cryptococcosis is caused by yeast found in the intestinal tract of pigeons and also starlings.
  • Louis Encephalitis is an inflammationof the nervous system that causes drowsiness, headache and fever.
  • Salmonellosis often occurs as food poisoning and can be traced to pigeons, starlings and sparrows.
  • E.coli. Cattle carry E. coli 0157:H7.

Did you know?

  • Sparrows live in colonies called flocks.
  • Sparrows are carnivores by nature, they primarily eat moths and other small insects, but they can also eat seed, berries and fruit.
  • Sparrows usually build nest under the roofs, under bridges and in tree hollows.
  • Sparrows easily learned to eat “served food” when people started to build bird feeders.
  • In the case of danger, sparrows can fly at the speed of 50km/h.
  • Males have reddish backs and black bib, while females have brown backs with stripes.
  • Although sparrows do not belong to the group of water birds, they can swim very fast to escape from the predators.
  • Main predators of sparrows are dogs, cats, foxes and snakes.