Types of Pests

Some information about the common types of pests in South Africa.

Dust Mites

Dust Mites

Diseases carried Allergens (triggers) from dust mites can come from their body parts, saliva, or their droppings. Allergic diseases from exposure to dust mites can include asthma, hayfever, conjunctivitis, sinusitis, eczema or any combination of these. They have also been linked with conjunctivitis, urticaria, dermatitis, anaphylaxis, hypersensitive pneumonia, angioedema, extrinsic allergic alveolitis, allergic and migraine …

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Bird Lice

Bird Lice/Mites

Diseases carried Chicken mites are known carriers of encephalitis and may also cause fowl mite dermatitis & acariasis. Chicken mites primarily feed on the blood of birds, but will often bite humans. They are commonly found on pigeons, starlings, and house sparrows. Lice of all kinds enjoy the barrier feathers create, some feeding on the …

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Types of termites in South Africa Termite King and Queen Termite Workers Termite Soldiers Alates Coptotermes spp. Cryptotermes spp. Neotermes spp. How fast do they spread? Termites forage almost at a constant bases and can spread up to 150 feet around their one colony. It doesn’t take long for termites to ‘nest’ and an infestation …

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Types of ticks American Dog tick Brown Dog tick Gulf Coast tick Lone Star tick Black-legged tick Diseases carried Severe tick infestations can cause anemia, weight loss, paralysis and even death. Common tick-borne diseases include: Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Tularemia, Ehrlichiosis, Relapsing fever, Colorado tick fever and Babesiosis Did you know? Ticks are …

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Types of mosquitoes in South Africa Anopheles mosquito Aedes mosquito Culex mosquito Diseases carried Diseases transmitted by mosquitoes include: malaria, dengue, West Nile virus, chikungunya, yellow fever, filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, Saint Louis encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, La Crosse encephalitis and Zika fever. Did you know? Mosquitoes are the deadliest …

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Types of spiders in South Africa Black House spider Daddy Long Legs spider Funnel Web spider Garden Orb-Weaving spider Harvestman spider Huntsman spider Trap Door spider Wolf spider Yellow Sac spider Button spider Violin spider Diseases carried Diseases transmitted by spiders include: spider bites, arthropod bites and stings, loxoscelism, arachnophobia, latrodectism and spider angioma. Did …

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Rat's Nose


Types of rats in South Africa Black rat Brown rat How fast do they spread? A female rat can mate as many as 500 times with various males during a six-hour period of receptivity. A pair of brown rats can produce as many as 2,000 descendants in a year if left to breed unchecked. Diseases …

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Types of flies House fly Horse fly Bluebottle fly Cluster fly Sand fly Fruit fly Drain fly Flesh fly Fermentation fly Lacewings How fast do they spread? Each female fly can lay about 500 eggs in a lifetime, in batches of about 75 to 150. Within a day, maggots hatch from the eggs; they live …

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Types of fleas Human flea Cat flea Dog flea Rat flea Chicken flea Sand flea Springtail flea Sticktight flea How fast do they spread? On average, a female flea lays up to 25 eggs per day. The new eggs will reach adulthood in 20 to 26 days. Within a month, she will have thousands of …

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