Fleas

Types of fleas

  • Human flea
  • Cat flea
  • Dog flea
  • Rat flea
  • Chicken flea
  • Sand flea
  • Springtail flea
  • Sticktight flea

How fast do they spread?

On average, a female flea lays up to 25 eggs per day. The new eggs will reach adulthood in 20 to 26 days. Within a month, she will have thousands of descendants.

If a dog acquires 5 female fleas, and 25% of the eggs survive, within a month the infestation would grow to over 4,000 fleas.

Diseases carried

Fleas carry a large number of diseases.

Humans usually get typhus from a flea bite. Signs of typhus include headache, fever, nausea, and body aches.

Mycoplasma haemofelis is a parasitic bacterial disease that is transmitted to cats through flea bites. It causes fever and anemia in cats.

Pets can get tapeworms by swallowing infected adult fleas, which happens when animals groom themselves.

Did you know?

  • A flea can live more than 100 days without a blood meal.
  • The female flea can lay 2,000 eggs in her lifetime.
  • The female flea consumes 15 times her own body weight in blood daily.
  • A flea can jump up to 8 inches high, and up to 30 000 times without stopping.
  • Pets with fleas may develop anemia, tapeworms or intense bouts of itching.
  • Fleas can pull 160,000 times their own weight, which is equivalent to a human pulling 2,679 double-decker buses.
  • The average flea is 2mm to 3mm long and weighs about 0.03g.
  • Fleas can be frozen for up to a year and then revive them.
  • The world’s biggest flea is the beaver flea, and is about 11mm long.
  • The lifespan of a flea can be as short as 14 days or as long as 12 months.
  • Female fleas are larger than male fleas.

Crickets

Types of crickets

  • Camel cricket
  • House cricket
  • Field cricket
  • Cave cricket
  • Jerusalem cricket

Diseases carried

Although crickets can bite, they do not always puncture the skin. Diseases can be spread through their bite. Crickets carry a large number of diseases and have the ability to cause painful sores, that aren’t fatal to humans.

Did you know?

  • There are over 900 species of crickets.
  • Crickets can survive in several habitats.
  • Crickets are usually 1 to 2 inches (5 cm) long.
  • Their antennas can detect movement of the prey and facilitate finding of food.
  • Their eyes consist of large number of lenses which ensure visualization of different pictures at the same time.
  • Only male crickets can produce sounds (songs).
  • Some species can live under ground and under trees.
  • Crickets do not have long lifespan, but they can survive up to one year in the wild.
  • A female cricket lies about 5-10 eggs a day, but can only produce about 100 in their lifetime.

Beetles

Types of beetles

  • Carpet beetles
  • Wood-boring beetles
  • Pantry beetles
  • Ladybird
  • Stink beetles

Diseases carried

Dung beetles carry some microbes that make humans sick, but they also destroy them, so presence of dung beetles is ultimately a good thing for public health. Dung beetles do not bite or attack humans and cannot transmit diseases in that way.

Did you know?

  • Beetles can be found anywhere except for cold regions.
  • Adult beetles have two sets of wings.
  • Beetles have many strategies such as camouflage, toxic properties, and fighting defenses when being attacked by predators.
  • Beetles play a vital role in the ecosystems they live in because they feed mainly on debris from plants and animals.
  • Ladybugs are one type of beetle that helps to control pest populations by feeding on aphids that eat vegetable plants.
  • Beetles that feed on vegetables, grains and fruit can cost farmers millions in pesticides.
  • Dung beetles are very important because they feed on animal droppings, so they recycle waste material and speed up the circulation of the nutrients back into the food chain.

Bed Bugs

How fast do they spread?

Unlike other insects, bed bugs are slow to reproduce. Bed bugs can spread from one room to another through door frames, cracks and crevices in walls, ceilings, windows and floors.

Diseases carried

Bed bugs aren’t known to spread diseases, but their presence may cause itching and loss of sleep. The itching can lead to excessive scratching that can increase the chance of a secondary skin infection. Bed bugs aren’t dangerous, although an allergic reaction to several bites may need some medical attention.

Did you know?

  • Bed bugs can live anywhere, not only in hotels. They live in family homes, apartments, hospitals, college dorm rooms, office buildings, schools, buses, trains, movie theaters, retail stores and just about anywhere humans are.
  • Bed bugs are smart enough to know that they shouldn’t be visible during daytime. At night they are tempted away from their hiding spots.
  • Bed bugs aren’t only found in cities.
  • Bed bugs can withstand extreme freezing temperatures; therefore it cannot be treated with DIY measures. KOVA Pest Control is the most effective way to treat an infestation.
  • Bed bugs can survive for up to 12 months without feeding.
  • Female bed bugs can lie anywhere between one and five eggs a day.
  • Bed bugs are often found in beds and small cracks and crevices.

 

If you have a bed bug infestation, don’t try to treat it on your own. Instead, contact us who are trained on the (unique, often sneaky) habits of bed bugs. We will be able to inspect your home and recommend an effective course of treatment.

Ants

Types of ants in South Africa

  • Pharaohs ant
  • Common black ant (The former Monomorium pharaonis, and the latter Lasius niger)

Diseases carried

Ants carry bacteria and might transfer them into food or an open wound. There were many disease-causing organisms found on some species of ants such as E. coli, Streptococcus, Shigella, Salmonella and Staphylococcus.

Did you know?

  • Ants have conquered the globe.
  • The world’s largest ant was about 2.4 inches (6 cm) long with a wingspan of almost 6 inches (15 cm).
  • Ants can carry more than 3 times the size of their own body weight.
  • The oldest ant lives for 30 years.
  • There are about 10 quadrillion (10,000,000,000,000,000) ants on the planet.
  • Ants capture other ants and make them work for the colony.

Cockroaches

Types of cockroaches in South Africa

  • German cockroach
  • American cockroach
  • Brown Banded cockroach
  • Oriental cockroach

How fast do they spread?

It takes about six to seven weeks for the baby cockroaches to emerge from the eggs. They remain in the nymph (baby) stage for approximately one year, and during this time they molt or shed their outer skin about eight times. The female German cockroach carries the ootheca until the eggs inside are ready to hatch. One ootheca contains up to 50 eggs.

Diseases carried

Cockroaches can carry some serious diseases:

  • Salmonella Typhi, which causes Typhoid, has been found in cockroaches.
  • Poliomyelitis, causes Polio, has also been found in these types of insects.
  • They can cause Dysentery, which is a disease that causes severe diarrhea that may include bleeding.

Did you know?

  • A cockroach can live for a week without its head, because they aren’t dependent on their mouth and head to breathe.
  • A cockroach can hold its breath for 40 minutes and can survive for a half an hour under water.
  • Cockroaches can run up to three miles in an hour.
  • The world’s largest cockroach is six inches long with a one-foot wingspan.
  • Cockroaches need water more than they need food.
  • The average lifespan of a cockroach is about one year.
  • There are more than 3500 different types of cockroaches in the world.

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